Dementia: Three symptoms that can show up in your ‘mid-30s’ – none involve memory loss

Dementia describes a cluster of symptoms associated with progressive brain decline. The greatest known risk factor for Alzheimer’s and other dementias is increasing age, but these disorders are not a normal part of ageing. What’s more, it’s possible to experience dementia much earlier on in life.

CADASIL (cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy) is a rare genetic form of vascular dementia that usually strikes a person is in their “mid-30s”, explains the Alzheimer’s Society (AS).

According to the AS, common symptoms include:

  • Migraines
  • Slurred speech
  • Weakness down one side of the body.

As the health body explains, women who have CADASIL may first notice symptoms when they become pregnant.

“Around two in three people who have CADASIL will develop dementia at some point in their lives.”

READ MORE: Dementia warning: Food eaten by millions may ‘speed up’ formation of plaques in the brain

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia. It affects around six in every 10 people with dementia in the UK.

As you age, your brain naturally shrinks a little and your thought processes slow down.

However, in Alzheimer’s disease, changes that occur in the brain are different to the changes seen in normal ageing.

In Alzheimer’s disease, two proteins, called amyloid and tau, build-up.

READ MORE: Alzheimer’s disease symptoms: 10 warning signs of declining cognitive function

Research shows that several lifestyle factors and conditions associated with cardiovascular disease can increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease.

These include smoking, obesity, diabetes and high blood pressure.

In addition, the latest research suggests that other factors are also important, although this does not mean these factors are directly responsible for causing dementia.

These include:

  • Hearing loss
  • Untreated depression (though depression can also be one of the Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease)
  • Loneliness or social isolation
  • A sedentary lifestyle.

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